A formal document that sets forth an accusation of a crime.
When a judge or jury finds a person not guilty after a trial.
The taking or keeping of a person in custody by a law enforcement agency.
Certificate of Disposition
Official court record of the outcome of the case.
A certificate is a document issued in some states by a court or other
authorized governmental agency, such as a parole board, as evidence that a person
with a criminal record is entitled to recover at least some of the rights and privileges
of citizenship and may help show rehabilitation. The terms and conditions under
which certificates are issued vary widely among the states that use them.
A formal accusation of an offense as a preliminary step to prosecution.
The President’s or a Governor’s power to pardon a person convicted of a
crime or crimes, or to commute a criminal sentence.
Commercial Reporting Agency (CRA)
This term refers to businesses that maintain
historical information pertaining to criminal records and the credit experience of
individuals or businesses. The data is collected from various sources including, courts,
government agencies, credit card companies, banks, and credit unions.
A guilty plea or a court’s finding of guilt for a crime or an offense.
A list of contacts with the criminal justice system. This can include
arrests, convictions, and other contacts.
In some cases, the prosecutor may decide not to proceed
against a defendant after an arrest. This may happen if there is insufficient evidence
or if further investigation is needed.
A law that disqualifies people from holding certain jobs or other rights
because of their criminal record.
When a criminal case ends for a reason other than acquittal, guilty plea, or
a court finding of guilt.
The outcome of what happens in a criminal case.
District Attorney's office
A District Attorney (DA) represents the state government in the prosecution of criminal offenses, and is the chief law enforcement officer and top prosecutor of that state's jurisdiction. Often, cities and counties within a state have their own DA.
A program that refers certain criminal defendants before trial to community programs on job training, education, and the like, which if successfully completed may lead to the dismissal of the charges.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
A federal agency responsible for
enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an
employee because of the person's race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy,
gender identity and sexual orientation), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or
The removal of certain criminal history information from a person’s
Fair Credit Reporting Act
The Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1681 (“FCRA”), is
U.S. Federal Government legislation enacted to promote the accuracy, fairness, and
privacy of consumer information contained in the files of consumer reporting
agencies. FCRA applies to credit reports and commercially prepared criminal
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
A federal agency that administers antitrust and
consumer protection legislation in pursuit of free and fair competition in the
An offense which is the most serious crime category. Felonies are often
punishable by fine, penalty, forfeiture, or confinement in prison. Felonies are usually
punishable by more than one year in prison.
Gonzalez v Pritzker
The name of the class action lawsuit brought against the U.S.
Census Bureau on behalf of African Americans and Latinos who were discriminated
against when their applications for temporary jobs for the 2010 census were screened
out by the Census Bureau’s use of often the inaccurate and incomplete FBI arrest and
convictions database and placing the burden on the applicants to correct the errors
with court records within 30 days—virtually impossible and a violation of their rights
under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act due to the adverse impact on Latinos and African
Americans, given their higher arrest, conviction, and incarceration rates.
A group of people who are chosen to sit for a month or more, and who
decide whether or not the evidence presented to them is strong enough to return an
indictment and hold a suspect for trial.
A challenge to an unlawful arrest or imprisonment.
A type of accusatory instrument that sets forth an accusation of a
A local government’s detention center where persons awaiting trial or those
convicted of misdemeanors are confined.
A determination that a person is unable to provide for personal needs and/or property management; and the person cannot adequately understand and appreciate the nature and consequences of his or her actions.
A crime that is less serious than a felony and is usually punishable by
fine, penalty, forfeiture, or confinement in jail. Misdemeanors are usually only
punishable by up to one year in jail.
To make a document authentic by a public officer who attests or certifies
writings. To get a document notarized, you usually have to pay a notary public and
you must sign the document in front of the notary.
NY Adjourned In Contemplation Of Dismissal (ACD)
Allows a court to defer the
disposition of a defendant's case, with the potential that the defendant's charge will
be dismissed if the defendant does not engage in additional criminal conduct or other
acts prohibited by the court as a condition of the ACD.
NY Class A Felonies
The most serious felony which carries a maximum sentence of life
NY Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS)
DCJS is the state agency that keeps all
New York State criminal record information.
NY Executive Clemency Bureau is a unit within the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision
Assists the Governor's Office with clemency applications, which includes compiling past criminal and/or inmate records.
NY MorphoTrust USA
Private company that provides identity services to enable
government agencies and businesses to enroll and vet individuals through a
nationwide network of locations, offering live scan fingerprinting and other
identity-related products and services.
NY New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision (DOCCS)
The New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision is
responsible for the confinement and housing of individuals under custody held at
state facilities and supervising parolees throughout regional offices.
NY NYSID number
The New York State Identification Number (NYSID) is assigned by
the DCJS. It is a permanent number and remains with the individual for his or her
lifetime. The NYSID number is composed of eight digits and an alpha check digit suffix.
Pursuant to DCJS, the alpha check digit suffix can be one of the following: H, J, K, L,
M, N, P, Q, R, Y, or Z.
Certain arrests and convictions are eligible for sealing, which means that many employers will not have access to or be able to see that part of your record.
NY Violent Felonies
A crime consisting of conduct that presents a serious risk of
injury to another person or that is punishable by imprisonment for more than one
year —used especially in federal sentencing of career criminals guilty of crimes
involving the use of a weapon.
Any certificate, permit, or grant of permission that the state requires for you to legally have a certain occupation, employment, trade, vocation, business or profession. The term "occupational license" relates to jobs only and does not refer to the any license or permit to own, possess, carry or fire any explosive, pistol, handgun rifle, shotgun or other firearm, or drive a car.
The act of officially eliminating punishment or other legal consequences of a
The release of a prisoner from imprisonment before the full sentence has
been served. Parole is not available for all sentences. It is usually granted for good
behavior on the condition that the parolee regularly report to a supervising officer for
a specified period.
A state or federal facility of confinement for people convicted of felony
An employer that runs a for-profit or not-for-profit business or
organization that is not owned or operated by the government.
A court-imposed criminal sentence that releases a convicted person into
the community instead of sending the person to jail or prison.
A local, state, or federal government employer.
Record of Arrests and Prosecutions.
The process of seeking to improve a person’s character or outlook so
that he or she can function in society without committing other crimes.
The punishment imposed by a court after finding a criminal defendant
U.S. Census Bureau
The U.S. Census Bureau conducts a national count of all people
in the United States every 10 years.
a jury’s finding or decision on the factual issues of a case.
An offense carrying the lowest punishment. Although they are penal in
nature, violations are not defined as crimes.
An authorization for a law enforcement agent to make an arrest.
Some states treat a person in late adolescence or early adulthood
who has been charged with a crime different from juveniles and adults. Youthful
offenders may be eligible for special programs or remedies. These laws vary by state.